Ripper Letters
Police Officials
Official Documents
Press Reports
Victorian London
Message Boards
Ripper Media
Games & Diversions
Photo Archive
Ripper Wiki
Casebook Examiner
Ripper Podcast
About the Casebook

Most Recent Posts:
General Suspect Discussion: Rating The Suspects. - by Herlock Sholmes 12 minutes ago.
General Suspect Discussion: Sir William Gull - by Herlock Sholmes 13 minutes ago.
General Suspect Discussion: Sir William Gull - by Geddy2112 1 hour ago.
General Suspect Discussion: Rating The Suspects. - by rjpalmer 1 hour ago.
General Suspect Discussion: Sir William Gull - by rjpalmer 1 hour ago.
General Suspect Discussion: Sir William Gull - by rjpalmer 1 hour ago.
General Suspect Discussion: Rating The Suspects. - by Herlock Sholmes 3 hours ago.
General Suspect Discussion: Rating The Suspects. - by Herlock Sholmes 3 hours ago.

Most Popular Threads:
General Suspect Discussion: Rating The Suspects. - (21 posts)
General Letters or Communications: Hanbury Street Graffiti - (20 posts)
Lechmere/Cross, Charles: Pickford & Co. - (19 posts)
Pub Talk: Election - (16 posts)
General Victim Discussion: What Makes A Victim? - (8 posts)
Motive, Method and Madness: Drink - (8 posts)

A Timeline of Events in the Life and Death of Mary Ann Nichols
Courtesy of Casebook Productions

AUG 26, 1845

Polly was born as Mary Ann Walker in Dean St, Fetter Ln to Edward Walker and his wife, Caroline.1

JAN 16, 1864

Polly married William Nichols at St Bride's Church (the printer's church), Fleet St. The service was performed by Vicar Charles Marshall and witnessed by Seth George Havelly and Sarah Good.2

Polly and William lived for a time in Bouverie St and then moved to 131 Trafalgar St, Walworth with her father.3


Polly and William had their first child, Edward John.4


Their second son, Percy George, was born.5


Alice Esther, Polly's and William's first daughter, was born.6


They then lived at 6D Peabody Bldgs, Stamford St, Blackfriars Rd, Lambeth.7


Polly and William had their second daughter, Eliza Sarah.8

Marital problems began.9


Polly and William had their last child, Henry Alfred.10


William and Polly separated. William retained custody of the children. William paid Polly an allowance of 5/- (25p) a week.11

SEP 6, 1880

Polly entered Lambeth Workhouse.12

MAY 31, 1881

Polly left Lambeth - whereabouts unknown.13

APR 24, 1882

Polly re-entered Lambeth.14


William heard Polly was earning an immoral living and stopped her allowance. Polly went to Lambeth Parish who summonsed William for restoration of maintenance. William sufficiently proved his case, and the charges were dropped. William no longer had to pay the allowance.15

JAN 18-20, 1883

Polly admitted to Lambeth Infirmary.16

MAR 24, 1883

Polly left Lambeth to live with her father.17

21 MAY 1883

Polly returned to Lambeth after an argument with her father over her drinking.18

JUN 2, 1883

Polly left Lambeth to live with Thomas Stuart Drew in York St, Walworth.19


Edward John voluntarily left William to move in with his grandfather, Edward Walker.20

JUN 1886

Polly attended her brother's funeral in respectable dress. (He was burned to death in a paraffin lamp explosion.)21

OCT 25, 1887

Polly left Drew and spent the day at St Gile's Workhouse, Endell St.22

OCT 26, 1887

Polly entered the Strand Workhouse, Edmonton. (The central London area was completely built up. Land was scarce and very expensive. Some of these Workhouse Unions therefore acquired land outside the centre for their purposes, i.e., Strand acquired Westminster land at Edmonton in north London.)23

NOV 13, 1887

Bloody Sunday.24

DEC 2, 1887

Polly left the Strand and possibly camped out in Trafalgar Sq.25

DEC 19, 1887

The Square was cleared of vagrants and Mary Ann was readmitted to Lambeth.26

DEC 29, 1887

Polly left Lambeth - whereabouts unknown.27

JAN 4, 1888

Polly entered Mitcham Workhouse (Holborn) and spent some time in the Holborn Infirmary (Archway Hospital). (The central London area was completely built up. Land was scarce and very expensive. Some of these Workhouse Unions therefore acquired land outside the centre for their purposes - i.e., Holborn acquired land at Mitcham.)28

APR 16, 1888

Polly was transferred from Mitcham to Lambeth Workhouse.29

MAY 12, 1888

Polly left Lambeth and became employed by Samuel and Sarah Cowdry. While there, she wrote the following letter to her father, dated April 17, 1888:

    I just write to say you will be glad to know that I am settled in my new place, and going all right up to now. My people went out yesterday, and have not returned, so I am in charge. It is a grand place inside, with trees and gardens back and front. All has been newly done up. They are teetotallers, and very religious, so I ought to get on. They are very nice people, and I have not much work to do. I hope you are all right and the boy has work. So goodbye now for the present. Yours truly, 'Polly' answer soon please, and let me know how you are.30
JUL 12, 1888

Polly left the Cowdry's, stealing clothes valued at 3 10s (3 50p) - whereabouts unknown.31

WED, AUG 1, 1888

Polly was at Gray's Inn Temporary Workhouse (Holborn).32

THUR, AUG 2, 1888

Polly moved to 18 Thrawl St. For 4d (2p), she shared a room with 3 other women and a bed with Mrs Ellen Holland.33

TUE, AUG 7, 1888

Martha Tabram found dead in the George Yard Bldgs.34

SUN, AUG 24, 1888

Polly moved to the 'White House' at 56 Flower and Dean St. (The White House is a common lodging-house which permitted men and women to sleep together.)35

THUR, AUG 30, 1888

Patrick Mulshaw came on duty as the Night Porter at the Sewage Works, Winthrop St (220 yards from Brown's Stable Yard.)36

THUR, AUG 30, 1888

Slaughterers, Henry Tomkins, Charles Brittain, and James Mumford, started work at Barber's Knacker's Yard, Winthrop St (150 yards from Brown's Stable Yard).37

THUR, AUG 30, 1888

Son of Mrs Emma Green went to bed at the family's residence, 2 Buck's Row (East of and next to Brown's Stable Yard).38

THUR, AUG 30, 1888

Mrs Green's second son went to bed.39

THUR, AUG 30, 1888

Mrs Green and her daughter, sharing the same bedroom, went to sleep. (Their bedroom over looked the gateway of Brown's Stable Yard).40

Polly was seen walking by herself down Whitechapel Rd.41

THUR, AUG 30, 1888

Resident and manager of Essex Wharf, Buck's Row, Walter Purkiss and his wife went to sleep in their second floor, front bedroom (opposite Brown's Stable Yard).42

FRI, AUG 31, 1888

Tomkins and Brittain left the slaughter house and walked to the end of the street.43

FRI, AUG 31, 1888

Polly was seen leaving, by herself, the Frying Pan pub (corner of Brick Ln and Thrawl St).44

FRI, AUG 31, 1888

Tomkins and Brittain returned to work.45

Purkiss was awake. His wife was pacing their room.46

FRI, AUG 31, 1888

Polly showed up at the kitchen of 18 Thrawl St.47

FRI, AUG 31, 1888
(exact time unknown)

The house deputy put Polly out. "I'll soon get my doss money", she laughed as she departed. "See what a jolly bonnet I've got now." The house deputy said she was tipsy.48

FRI, AUG 31, 1888

Purkiss fell back asleep, but his wife was still pacing.49

FRI, AUG 31, 1888

Holland, returning from watching the second fire on the docks at Shadwell Dry Docks, saw Polly at the corner of Osborne St and Whitechapel Rd.50

Holland mentioned the time as the clock struck 2:30am and tried to persuade Polly to go to 18 Thrawl St.51

Polly mentioned her new bonnet, that she had her doss money several times that night but drank it away, and that she would rather be where men and women can sleep together. (It is assumed she meant the 'White House.')52

FRI, AUG 31, 1888

Polly then walked down Whitechapel Rd, toward Buck's Row.53

FRI, AUG 31, 1888

Mulshaw woke up, having dozed off earlier.54

FRI, AUG 31, 1888

Police Constable John Thain (96J) went up Brady St.55

Police Constable John Neil (97J) passed through Buck's Row.56
    Buck's Row ran East-West from Brady St to Baker's Row. Parallel to it and meeting it about half-way along its length was Winthrop St. Going East down Buck's Row from the corner of Buck's Row and Winthrop St was a board school, Brown's Stable Yard, and tenements. Across the road from the stable yard were wharves. East of the wharves was Browne & Eagle's Wool Warehouse, Schnieder's Cap Factory, and then a low brick wall continued on down to Brady St. At the North-West corner of Buck's Row and Brady St was a street lamp. The area was frequented by prostitutes. From Osborne St and Whitechapel Rd, the stable yard was about one-half mile.57
FRI, AUG 31, 1888
(exact time unknown)

PC Neil passed through Winthrop St and saw Tomkins, Brittain, and Mumford at work.58

Sergeant Kerby passed down Buck's Row.59

FRI, AUG 31, 1888
(exact time unknown)

Charles Andrew Cross left home at Doveton St for work at Broad St.60

FRI, AUG 31, 1888

Cross walked through Buck's Row and saw a bundle in front of the stable yard gateway. He thought the bundle was an abandoned tarpaulin, only to discover that it was a woman's body.61

Robert Paul travelled through Buck's Row on his way to work at Corbett's Crt.62

Cross pointed out the body to him. "Come and look over here. There's a woman lying on the pavement."63

Polly was lying on her back with her skirts lifted almost to her stomach.64

Cross felt her hands - cold. "I believe she's dead."65

Paul felt her hands and face - cold. As he pulled her clothes down, he touched her breast and thought he felt movement. "I think she's breathing, but very little if she is." Cross then asked Paul to help him adjust the body, but Paul refused.66

FRI, AUG 31, 1888

Cross and Paul left, intending to notify the first constable they came upon.67

FRI, AUG 31, 1888

PC Neil was travelling easterly through Buck's Row when he independently discovered the body. He noticed Polly's true condition only after shining his lantern on the body.68
    Polly was lying lengthwise with her head turned towards the East; her left hand touched the gate; her bonnet was off her head, lying near her right hand; her skirts were rumpled just above her knees; her throat was severely cut; her eyes were wide open and glassy; blood had oozed from her throat wounds; her arms felt warm from the elbows up; her hands were open. The gateway was 9'-10' in height and led to some stables; they were closed.69
FRI, AUG 31, 1888

PC Neil noticed PC Thain passing North through Brady St and quietly signaled him with his lamp.70

PC Thain responded likewise and approached the scene. "Here's a woman has her throat cut," said PC Neil. "Run at once for Dr Llewellyn."71

PC Thain immediately left to fetch Doctor Rees Ralph Llewellyn at his surgery at 152 Whitechapel Rd (300 yards from Buck's Row).72

PC Neil then examined the ground.73

FRI, AUG 31, 1888
(exact time unknown)

At the corner of Hanbury St and Baker's Row, Cross and Paul informed Police Constable Jonas Mizen (55H) of the body. "You are wanted in Baker's Row by a policeman," said Cross in passing. "A woman is lying there. She looks to me to be either dead or drunk, but for my part I think she is dead." After further clarification, PC Mizen replied, "All right," and then left for Buck's Row.74

FRI, AUG 31, 1888
(exact time unknown)

PC Mizen arrived at Brown's Stable Yard, and PC Neil sent him immediately for an ambulance and reinforcements from the Bethnal Green Police Station and then searched the area for clues.75

FRI, AUG 31, 1888

Dr Llewellyn was notified at his surgery.76

Mulshaw had not seen or heard anything in the past hour.77

Cross had arrived at Broad St.78

Sgt Kerby arrived back in Buck's Row and interviewed Mrs Green while PC Neil interviewed Purkiss. Neither them, the keeper of the Board School, nor the watchman at Browne & Eagle's Wool Ware house and Schnieder's Cap Factory heard anything unusual.79

FRI, AUG 31, 1888
(exact time unknown)

PC Mizen arrived at Bethnal Green Police Station.80

FRI, AUG 31, 1888
(exact time unknown)

PC Thain and Dr Llewellyn arrived at the scene, and a cursory exam was made:
    Severe injuries to the throat; her hands and wrists were cold, yet her body and legs were still warm; the doctor felt her chest and heart and pronounced life extinct, estimating that she died no more than a half hour prior to the exam; very little blood around the neck; no marks of a struggle or of the body being dragged.81
Unknown man passed through Buck's Row.82

FRI, AUG 31, 1888

Mumford and Tomkins were off work and went to the scene. Brittain arrived upon the scene soon after.83

FRI, AUG 31, 1888
(exact time unknown)

PC Mizen and an H-Div officer arrived with the ambulance, (which was a wheeled stetcher).84

Dr Llewellyn finished the exam. "Move her to the mortuary," he said. "She is dead and I will make a further examination of her there." Dr Llewellyn then returned to his surgery.85

PC Thain and PC Neil placed the body in the ambulance, noticing that the underside of her clothes were sodden with blood. They also noticed that some blood, about 6" in diameter, had congealed underneath the body. Some of the blood had flowed into a near-by gutter.86

Mulshaw was told of the body by another man who passed by:
    "Watchman, old man, I believe somebody is murdered down the street." Mulshaw then immediately went to Buck's Row.87
PC Neil, Sgt Kerby, and H-Div officer took the body to the Workhouse Infirmary's mortuary shed, Eagle Plc, Old Montague St (a cul-de-sac which ended in the green doors of the mortuary).88

James Green, son of Mrs Green, came outside with a pail of water to wash away the blood from the cobblestones.89

Tomkins, Brittain, and Mumford left the scene.90

PC Thain stayed at the scene.91

FRI, AUG 31, 1888

Inspector John Spratling (J-Div) was in Hackney St when he learned of the murder. He left immediately for Buck's Row.92

FRI, AUG 31, 1888
(exact time unknown)

PC Neil arrived with the body at the mortuary. The doors were locked. (It is assumed that Sgt Kerby and the H-Div Officer left.)93

FRI, AUG 31, 1888
(exact time unknown)

Insp Spratling arrived upon the scene, and PC Thain pointed out the spot where the body had been.94

Green was still washing blood away from the stones.95

Insp Spratling and PC Thain went to the mortuary.96

(exact time unknown)

Insp Spratling and PC Thain arrived at the mortuary. The body was still on the ambulance in the yard. Insp Spratling began taking Polly's description.97
    5'-2", small delicate features, greying dark brown hair, grey eyes, 42 years old, scar on forehead, front teeth were missing, other teeth were stained and crooked, thick eyebrows, heavy cheeks, dark complexion.98
FRI, AUG 31, 1888

Robert Mann arrived at the mortuary with the keys, and the body was moved inside. He then went to breakfast.100

FRI, AUG 31, 1888

Insp Spratling ordered PC Thain to search the premises, Essex Wharf, the Great Eastern Railway, East London Railway, and the District Railway as far as Thomas St.101

Insp Spratling recorded Nichols's possessions:
    Old reddish-brown ulster with 7 large brass buttons (each stamped with the figure of a horse and a man standing beside it), new brown linsey frock, grey flannel and wool petticoat (each with a Lambeth Workhouse stencil), pair of men's side spring boots cut on the uppers with steel tipped heels, pair of brown stays, black ribbed wool stockings, piece of comb, bit of mirror, unmarked white pocket handkerchief, new black straw bonnet with black velvet trim.102
Insp Spratling officially discovered the mutilations and recalled Dr Llewellyn for a further exam.103

FRI, AUG 31, 1888

Dr Llewellyn arrived to conduct a second cursory exam:
    Throat cut from left to right with 2 distinct cuts being on the left side and with the windpipe, gullet, and spinal cord being cut through; a bruise, possibly from a thumb, on the lower right jaw with another on the left cheek; the abdomen had been cut open from center of the bottom ribs along the right side; under the pelvis, left of the stomach, was another wound - jagged; the omentum (stomach coating) was cut in several places; 2 small stabs on the privy parts; the knife used seemed to have been srong-bladed; death almost instantaneous.104
FRI, AUG 31, 1888

Mulshaw finished work for the night.105

Insp Spratling ordered that the body not be touched, giving temporary charge of it to Detective Sergeant Enright (J-Div). Insp Spratling then returned to Buck's Row.106

FRI, AUG 31, 1888
(exact time unknown)

Mann's assistant, James Hatfield arrived at the mortuary. Then he and Mann began stripping, washing and laying out the body. The cloths were placed in the yard.107

FRI, AUG 31, 1888

Inspector Joseph Henry Helson was told of the murder and went directly to the mortuary. Mann and Hatfield were continuing to strip the body when Insp Helson arrived.108

FRI, AUG 31, 1888
That Morning

Insp Spratling arrived back at the scene, searching Buck's Row and Brady St. Insp Spratling left, returning to Buck's Row with Detective Sergeant George Godley (CID). Together, they searched the Great Eastern Railway Yard and the premises of the East London and Metropolitan District Railways.109

After viewing the body, Insp Helson went to Buck's Row. He examined the area, discovering only one stain, which might have been blood, in Brady St.110

FRI, AUG 31, 1888
That Day

Mrs Sarah Colwell of Brady St and some journalists believed they found blood spots in Brady St.111

Holland viewed the body but only knew her as Polly.112

James Scorer viewed the body. He knew Polly Nichols on sight but he could not identify the body.113

FRI, AUG 31, 1888

Because of the "Lambeth Workhouse, P.R. [Prince Road]" stencil marks on Polly's petticoats, the police were able to locate a Lambeth inmate, Mary Ann Monk, who identified the body as Mary Ann Nichols.114

SAT, SEP 1, 1888

Dr Llewellyn conducted post-mortem:
    5 teeth missing; slight laceration on tongue; bruise on lower part of right jaw (possibly from a punch or thumb pressure); circular bruise on left side of face (possibly also from finger pressure); left side of neck, 1" below jaw, 4" incision starting immediately below the left ear; a 2nd throat incision starting 1" below and 1" in front of the 1st, running 8" in a circular direction around the throat and stopping 3" below the right ear, completely severing all tissues down to the spine, including the large vessels of the neck on both sides; no blood found on breast of clothes or of body; on the lower part of abdomen, 2-3" from the left side ran a very deep, jagged wound, cutting the tissues through; several incisions ran across the abdomen; 3 or 4 similar cuts ran down the right side of the abdomen.115
SAT, SEP 1, 1888
That Day

First day of Nichols Inquest.116
    After the jury was conducted to view the body by Mr Banks, the coroner's assistant, Wynne Edwin Baxter, the coroner for South-East Middlesex, opened the inquest at the Whitechapel Working Lad's Institute, Whitechapel Rd (next to the present Whitechapel Underground Station).117

    On behalf of CID, Inspector Frederick Abberline, DS Godley, Insp Helson, and DS Enright attended the inquest.118


    Mr Horey [foreman].119


    Edward Walker120

    PC John Neil121

    Dr Llewellyn122
The inquiry was adjourned till Monday, Sep 3.123

SAT, SEP 1, 1888
That Evening

William Nichols viewed the body at the mortuary. There he saw his son, Edward John, and his father-in-law, Edward Walker. "I forgive you as you are," William said to Polly, "for what you have been to me."124

MON, SEP 3, 1888
That Day

The second day of Nichols Inquest.
    Observed by Insp Abberline, DS Enright, and DS Godley on behalf of CID.125


    Insp Spratling126

    Henry Tomkins127

    Insp Helson128

    PC Mizen129

    Charles Cross130

    William Nichols131

    Emily Holland132

    Mary Ann Monk133
The inquest was adjourned until Monday, Sep 17.134

THUR, SEP 6, 1888
That Afternoon

Polly was transported in a polished elm coffin to Mr Henry Smith, Hanbury St undertaker. The cortege consisted of the hearse and two mourning coaches, which carried Edward Walker, William Nichols, and Edward John Nichols. Polly was buried at City of London Cemetery, London, grave 49500, square 318. The funeral expenses were paid for by Walker, Nichols, and Edward John.135

SAT, SEP 8, 1888
That Morning

Annie Chapman found dead.136

MON, SEP 17, 1888
That Day

Third day of Nichols Inquest.
    Attended by Insp Abberline, Insp Helson, Insp Spratling, and Insp Chandler on behalf of CID.137


    Dr Llewellyn (recalled)138

    Mrs Emma Green139

    Thomas Ede140

    Walter Purkiss141

    Patrick Mulshaw142

    PC Thain143

    Robert Paul144

    Robert Mann145

    James Hatfield146
The inquest was adjourned until Saturday, Sep 22.147

SAT, SEP 22, 1888
That Day

Last day of Nichols Inquest.148

    Thomas Ede (recalled)149

    The Coroner presented his summation.150
A verdict of "wilful murder against some person or persons unknown" was returned.151


The following abbreviations apply:
MEPO=Scotland Yard files, HO=Home Officie files
DT=The Daily Telegraph, T=The Times , IPN=The Illustrated Police News
A-Z=The Jack the Rippper A to Z, 2nd ed, (Begg, Fido, Skinner),
JTRUF=Jack the Ripper: The Uncensored Facts (Begg),
CHJTR=The Complete History of Jack the Ripper (Sudgen),
JTRCC=Jack the Ripper: The Complete Casebook, US ed (Rumbelow)

1 A-Z, p329; JTRCC, p43; CHJTR, p42

2 MEPO 3/140, f235; A-Z, p333; JTRCC, p43; JTRUF, p37

3 A-Z, p330

4 ibid

5 ibid

6 ibid

7 A-Z, p330; CHJTR, p42

8 ibid

9 MEPO 3/140, f235; A-Z, p330

10 A-Z, p330

11 MEPO 3/140, f235; A-Z, p330

12 A-Z, p330

13 ibid

14 ibid

15 MEPO 3/140, f235; JTRCC, p43

16 JTRCC, p44

17 A-Z, p330

18 ibid

19 T, 3 Sep 88, p12; A-Z, p330

20 CHJTR, p42-43

21 T, 3 Sep 88, p12

22 A-Z, p330

23 JTRCC, p44

24 JTRCC, p36-38

25 A-Z, p331

26 ibid

27 JTRCC, p44

28 ibid

29 CHJTR, p44

30 MEPO 3/140, f236; CHJTR, p44-45; T, 3 Sep 88, p12

31 MEPO 3/140, f236

32 JTRCC, p44

33 MEPO 3/140, f236; A-Z, p331; JTRUF, p220-221

34 MEPO 3/140, f34

35 MEPO 3/140, f246; A-Z, p331-332

36 T, 4 Sep 88, p8; CHJTR, p483

37 CHJTR, p49; JTRUF, p220

38 JTRUF, p41; CHJTR, p48

39 JTRUF, p41

40 ibid

41 MEPO 3/140, f237

42 JTRUF, p41; CHJTR, p38

43 JTRUF, p41

44 MEPO 3/140, f237

45 JTRUF, p41

46 A-Z, p377

47 MEPO 3/140, f237

48 MEPO 3/140, f246; JTRCC, p42

49 CHJTR, p48

50 MEPO 3/140, f237; A-Z, p175

51 MEPO 3/140, f246-247

52 A-Z, p175

53 MEPO 3/140, f246-247

54 A-Z, p318

55 MEPO 3/140, F241 (states PC Kirby instead of PC Thain); Ripperana, n19, p20

56 MEPO 3/140, f241

57 MEPO 3/140, f247, 253; A-Z, p71-72

58 JTRUF, p42

59 ibid

60 JTRUF, p43, 221

61 A-Z, p332, 99

62 MEPO 3/140, f242; A-Z, p353; JTRCC, p39-40

63 CHJTR, p36

64 ibid

65 ibid

66 MEPO 3/140, f242; T, 4 Sep 88, p8, 18 Sep 88, p12

67 MEPO 3/140, f242

68 MEPO 3/140, f239, 243

69 MEPO 3/140, f239; CHJTR, p38; T, 3 Sep 88, p12

70 MEPO 3/140, f239, 243; A-Z, p324

71 MEPO 3/140, f239, 243; CHJTR, p38; T, 3 Sep 88,p12

72 ibid

73 MEPO 3/140, f239; JTRUF, p44; T, 3 Sep 88, p12

74 MEPO 3/140, f242; JTRUF, p43; CHJTR, p37

75 MEPO 3/140, f243; CHJTR, p38

76 A-Z, p264

77 A-Z, p318

78 JTRUF, p43

79 CHJTR, p48

80 MEPO 3/140, f243; (estimated from walking times)

81 MEPO 3/140, f239; CHJTR, p38-39; T, 3 Sep 88, p12

82 A-Z, p476

83 MEPO 3/140, f249; A-Z, p318, 473; CHJTR, p49

84 A-Z, p235, 469

85 CHJTR, p39 (inferred since Dr Llewellyn had to be recalled)

86 A-Z, p469; CHJTR, p39

87 A-Z, p318; JTRUF, p44

88 A-Z, p469; JTRUF, p63

89 T, 4 Sep 88, p8

90 ibid

91 A-Z, p324-325

92 JTRUF, p45

93 (inferred from other testimonies)

94 CHJTR, p39

95 A-Z, p325

96 JTRUF, p45

97 JTRUF, p45

98 MEPO 3/140, f240

100 JTRUF, p45; CHJTR, p39; JTRCC, p41

101 CHJTR, p47

102 JTRUF, p45; IPN, 8 Sep 88

103 MEPO 3/140, f239

104 MEPO 3/140, f239-240; CHJTR, p40; T, 3 Sep 88, p12

105 CHJTR, p48

106 A-Z, p135; CHJTR, p47, 50

107 A-Z, p172; JTRUF, p45

108 JTRUF, p45-46

109 CHJTR, p47

110 ibid

111 A-Z, p90

112 A-Z, p333

113 ibid

114 MEPO 3/140, f244; A-Z, p309; CHJTR, p42

115 CHJTR, p46; T, 3 Sep 88, p12

116 A-Z, p41-42; T, 3 Sep 88, p12

117 JTRUF, p49; A-Z, p41-42; T, 3 Sep 88, p12; DT, 3 Sep 88, p3

118 T, 3 Sep 88, p12

119 CHJTR, p46

120 MEPO 3/140, f240, 244; HO 144/221/A49301C (8a) f129; T, 3 Sep 88, p12; DT, 3 Sep 88, p3

121 ibid

122 ibid

123 DT, Sep 3 88, p3

124 CHJTR, p46

125 T, 4 Sep 88, p8

126 DT, 4 Sep 88, p2

127 ibid

128 ibid

129 ibid

130 ibid

131 ibid

132 ibid

133 ibid

134 ibid

135 Ripperana, n14, p15; CHJTR, p61-62

136 MEPO 3/140, f249; T, 10 Sep 88

137 T, 18 Sep 88, p12

137 T, 18 Sep 88, p12; DT 18 Sep 88, p2

139 ibid

140 ibid

141 ibid

142 ibid

143 ibid

144 ibid

145 ibid

146 ibid

147 ibid

148 T, 24 Sep 88, p3; DT, 24 Sep 88, p3

149 ibid

150 ibid

151 ibid

Related pages:
  Polly Nichols
       Dissertations: Old Wounds: Re-examining the Bucks Row Murder 
       Dissertations: The Riddle of New Cottage 
       Message Boards: Mary Ann Nichols 
       Official Documents: Bucks Row - Census Listings 
       Official Documents: Polly Nichol's Inquest 
       Press Reports: Atchison Daily Globe - 3 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Austin Statesman - 05 September 1888 
       Press Reports: British Daily Whig - 1 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Daily News - 1 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Daily News - 18 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Daily News - 24 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Daily News - 3 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Daily News - 4 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Daily News - 5 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Daily News - 7 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Daily Telegraph - 1 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Daily Telegraph - 10 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Daily Telegraph - 18 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Daily Telegraph - 19 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Daily Telegraph - 24 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Daily Telegraph - 3 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Daily Telegraph - 4 September 1888 
       Press Reports: East London Advertiser - 1 September 1888 
       Press Reports: East London Advertiser - 22 September 1888 
       Press Reports: East London Advertiser - 29 September 1888 
       Press Reports: East London Advertiser - 8 September 1888 
       Press Reports: East London Observer - 1 September 1888 
       Press Reports: East London Observer - 22 September 1888 
       Press Reports: East London Observer - 8 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Eastern Argus - 1 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Eastern Argus - 8 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Eastern Post - 1 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Eastern Post - 8 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Echo - 1 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Echo - 17 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Echo - 3 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Echo - 31 August 1888 
       Press Reports: Echo - 4 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Echo - 5 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Echo - 6 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Evening News - 1 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Evening News - 31 August 1888 
       Press Reports: Evening Standard - 1 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Evening Standard - 18 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Evening Standard - 24 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Evening Standard - 3 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Evening Standard - 4 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Evening Standard - 7 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Fort Wayne Gazette - 2 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Freemans Journal and Daily Commercial Advertiser - 1 Sept... 
       Press Reports: Freemans Journal and Daily Commercial Advertiser - 3 Sept... 
       Press Reports: Freemans Journal and Daily Commercial Advertiser - 4 Sept... 
       Press Reports: Grimsby Observer - no date 
       Press Reports: Illustrated Police News - 22 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Illustrated Police News - 8 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Irish Times - 18 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Irish Times - 24 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Lloyds Weekly News - 2 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Lloyds Weekly News - 9 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Manchester Guardian - 1 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Manchester Guardian - 3 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Manchester Guardian - 4 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Manchester Guardian - 5 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Morning Advertiser - 1 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Morning Advertiser - 18 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Morning Advertiser - 24 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Morning Advertiser - 3 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Morning Advertiser - 4 September 1888 
       Press Reports: New York Times - 1 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Pall Mall Gazette - 1 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Pall Mall Gazette - 18 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Pall Mall Gazette - 3 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Pall Mall Gazette - 31 August 1888 
       Press Reports: Penny Illustrated Paper - 22 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Penny Illustrated Paper - 29 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Penny Illustrated Paper - 8 September 1888 
       Press Reports: People - 2 September 1888 
       Press Reports: People - 23 September 1888 
       Press Reports: People - 9 September 1888 
       Press Reports: St. James Budget - 8 September 1888 
       Press Reports: St. James Gazette - 18 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Star - 1 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Star - 3 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Star - 31 August 1888 
       Press Reports: Star - 4 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Star - 6 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Times [London] - 1 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Times [London] - 18 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Times [London] - 24 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Times [London] - 27 April 1866 
       Press Reports: Times [London] - 3 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Times [London] - 4 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Walthamstow and Leyton Guardian - 8 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Weekly Herald - 7 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Woodford Times - 21 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Woodford Times - 28 September 1888 
       Press Reports: Woodford Times - 7 September 1888 
       Victims: Mary Ann 'Polly' Nichols 
       Victims: Testimonies of Charles Cross and PC John Neil 
       Victorian London: Buck's Row 
       Witnesses: Henry Tomkins, James Mumford and Charles Brittain